Toby represents a range of public and private companies across the Northern territories in a range of regulatory matters and litigation. He frequently acts on behalf of stakeholders in mining operations, and provides further counsel on environmental issues and Aboriginal law.

Chambers Canada, 2021 Guide

Toby advises private and public sector clients on litigation and regulatory matters. He provides advice on environmental, energy, mining, land, construction, public utility and Indigenous law issues. Based in Yellowknife, Toby advises clients throughout western Canada and the North, including all three Territories. Toby also provides strategic advice to government and private sector proponents on public law and project matters, including environmental assessment, consultation with Indigenous peoples, and regulatory permitting. Toby also has an interest in defamation law, in that it poses a limitation on freedom of speech. 

Toby also appears before courts, tribunals and arbitration panels to assist his clients in government and the electricity, mining and oil & gas industries in administrative hearings, judicial review, trial, appellate and arbitration proceedings. He has appeared as counsel before various administrative tribunals, superior courts, appellate courts, and three times before the Supreme Court of Canada.

Prior to joining Lawson Lundell LLP, Toby clerked at the British Columbia Supreme Court. Toby practiced in the Vancouver office of Lawson Lundell before moving to Yellowknife in 2014.

Toby is also a regular contributor to the Project Law Blog and the North of 60 Blog, resources that provide updates on developments in law and policy relating to the development of major projects in Canada and legal developments in the North. Toby was also appointed by the Law Society of NWT to sit on the NWT Supreme Court Rules modernization steering committee.  

Toby was named a Lexpert Rising Star in 2021 for leading lawyers under 40 in Canada, and is recognised by Chambers Canada for General Business Law in Northern Canada and Arctic, and by the Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory as a leading practitioner for Litigation - Regulatory & Public Law.

He likes to spend as much of his spare time as possible with his two young kids at his cabin outside Yellowknife.

Professional Activities

  • Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories Rules Committee, Member
  • Canadian Bar Association of Northwest Territories, member of Environmental, Energy and Resources law and Aboriginal law subsections
  • Appointed as NWT Representative to roster of dispute resolution panelists under the Canada Free Trade Agreement. 
  • Law Society of Northwest Territories Admissions Committee
  • Project Law Blog, Contributor

Personal Interests

  • Skiing, Canoeing & Cycling

Recognitions & Rankings

Recognitions & Rankings

  • Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory (2023-2024): recommended as a leading practitioner for Litigation - Regulatory & Public Law
  • Chambers Canada 2024: recognised for General Business Law - Northern Canada and Arctic (Band 2) 
  • Best Lawyers in Canada 2023-2024: recognised for Administrative and Public Law
  • Lexpert Rising Star Award 2021: recognised as one of Canada's Leading Lawyers under 40 
  • Benchmark Litigation Canada Awards 2020: Impact Case Award for TransAlta Generation Partnership v Balancing Pool



  • Jointly represented Ventura Stanton Inc. and CANA Management Limited. in successfully discharging a lien filed by a subcontractor on the old Stanton Territorial Hospital (CANA Management Limited v. SMI Construction Ltd., 2023 NWTSC 7).
  • Obtaining an injunction for Baffinland Iron Mines Corporation to remove a blockade obstructing its operations at the Mary River site on northern Baffin Island (Baffinland Iron Mines Corporation v Inuavak et al, 2021 NUCJ 11, upheld 2023 NUCA 10).
  • Represented the Mayor of the Town of Norman Wells and others in successfully dismissing a multimillion dollar defamation claim brought against them by a former Town manager (Mallon v Norman Wells (Town) et al, 2021 NWTSC 37).
  • Represented the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers in the Supreme Court of Canada, where the Province of British Columbia sought an opinion on the constitutionality of a scheme that require provincial permits for the possession of additional volumes of “heavy oil” in the Province (Reference re Environmental Management Act, 2020 SCC 1).
  • Successfully representing a major utility in a $60M arbitration claim against a statutory body regarding payments for retiring coal-fired electricity generating units in Alberta (Confidential client).
  • Represented the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers in the Supreme Court of Canada in Redwater, a major case dealing with the intersection of bankruptcy and environmental law in the oil and gas context (Orphan Well Association v. Grant Thornton Ltd., 2019 SCC 5).
  • Defended a major commercial landlord in a lease dispute that threatened to derail a significant transaction that was scheduled to close shortly. Successfully dismissed the claim after trial within only 5 weeks of being served (Waters et. al. v. NPR, 2017 NUCJ 12, affirmed 2018 NUCA 1).
  • Successfully defended the Canada Energy Regulator (formerly National Energy Board) at the Alberta Court of Appeal in a case brought by Geophysical Services Incorporated alleging the NEB's disclosure to the public of seismic data collected in Canada's north and offshore was a violation of the Copyright Act. The Court unanimously agreed with the NEB's position. (Geophysical Service Incorporated v EnCana Corporation, 2017 ABCA 125, leave to appeal to Supreme Court of Canada denied).
  • Successfully represented owner of a mine in defending a high profile appeal to the Development Appeal Board regarding closure and reclamation work to be done at a former mine site (Unreported, 2016, Yellowknife Development Appeal Board)
  • Represented BC Hydro in the successful defence of a proposed class action concerning the alleged impacts of exposure to emissions generated from smart meters on BC Hydro’s 1.9 million residential and commercial customers (Davis v. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, 2016 BCSC 1287)
  • Successfully brought an injunction on behalf of an employer to restrain a former employee from breaching non-solicit and non-competition obligations in an employment agreement, KBL Environmental Ltd. v. Ehizojie (Unreported, 2016, Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench)
  • Co-counsel to Chevron Canada Limited (a refinery operator) and Chevron Canada Resources (a producer and pipeline shipper) in a pipeline transaction tariff hearing before the Canada Energy Regulator (formerly National Energy Board) regarding allocation of pipeline capacity on the TransMountain Pipeline. Application for approval of Tariff Amendments regarding Verification Procedures, RWH-001-2013.
  • Represented the BC Civil Liberties Association before the Supreme Court of Canada in opposing a publication ban over allegedly defamatory speech (AB v Bragg Communications Inc., 2012 SCC 46)

News & Publications

News & Publications

Blog Posts

Toby Kruger, Lawson Lundell Photo
t 867.669.5534
f 867.920.2206
t 403.218.7555
f 403.269.9494

Assistant Contact

Bar Admissions

  • Yukon (2019)
  • Alberta (2015)
  • Northwest Territories (2014)
  • Nunavut (2014)
  • British Columbia (2011; non-practicing as of 2019)


University of British Columbia (B.Sc. (Honours), 2004)

University of New Brunswick (LL.B., (with distinction) 2009)


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