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Toby practices civil litigation and administrative law in a broad range of matters focusing on energy, environmental, regulatory, Indigenous and land issues. He has appeared as counsel before various administrative tribunals in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario and across the North, all levels of superior and appellate courts in Alberta, British Columbia and Nunavut, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, the Federal Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court of Canada. Toby acts for a broad set of public and private sector clients.

Toby joined Lawson Lundell as a summer student in 2008. After law school, he served as a judicial law clerk at the British Columbia Supreme Court, and following his clerkship, completed his articles at Lawson Lundell. Toby practiced in the Vancouver office of Lawson Lundell before moving to Yellowknife in 2014.

Toby is also a regular contributor to the Project Law Blog, a resource that provides updates on developments in law and policy relating to the development of major projects in Canada. 

Professional Activities

  • Canadian Bar Association of Northwest Territories, member of Environmental, Energy and Resources law and Aboriginal law subsections
  • Appointed as NWT Representative to roster of dispute resolution panelists under the Canada Free Trade Agreement. 
  • Law Society of Northwest Territories Admissions Committee
  • Project Law Blog, Contributor

Personal Interests

  • Director, Yellowknife Ski Club
  • Skiing, Canoeing & Cycling
  • Culture & travel

Recognitions & Rankings

Recognitions & Rankings

  • Highest standing in third year law school, plus prizes in Environmental Law, Community Planning and Legal Writing
  • Top 10 oralist at Canadian Round of Jessup International Moot Competition (2009)
  • Associate Editor, UNB Law Journal



  • Successfully appealed a decision of the Nunavut Court of Justice in the Nunavut Court of Appeal regarding jurisdiction of a Registrar to enter default judgment (Government of Nunavut v. Swoboda, 2017 NUCA 6).

  • Defended a major commercial landlord in a lease dispute that threatened to derail a significant transaction that was scheduled to close shortly. Successfully dismissed the claim after trial within only 5 weeks of being served (Waters et. al. v. NPR, 2017 NUCJ 12, affirmed 2018 NUCA 1).

  • Successfully defended the National Energy Board at the Alberta Court of Appeal in a case brought by Geophysical Services Incorporated alleging the NEB's disclosure to the public of seismic data collected in Canada's north and offshore was a violation of the Copyright Act. The Court unanimously agreed with the NEB's position. (Geophysical Service Incorporated v EnCana Corporation, 2017 ABCA 125, leave to appeal to Supreme Court of Canada denied).

  • Successfully represented owner of a mine in defending a high profile appeal to the Development Appeal Board regarding closure and reclamation work to be done at a former mine site (Unreported, 2016, Yellowknife Development Appeal Board)
  • Represented BC Hydro in the successful defence of a proposed class action concerning the alleged impacts of exposure to emissions generated from smart meters on BC Hydro’s 1.9 million residential and commercial customers (Davis v. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, 2016 BCSC 1287)
  • Successfully brought an injunction on behalf of an employer to restrain a former employee from breaching non-solicit and non-competition obligations in an employment agreement, KBL Environmental Ltd. v. Ehizojie (Unreported, 2016, Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench)
  • Co-counsel to Chevron Canada Limited (a refinery operator) and Chevron Canada Resources (a producer and pipeline shipper) in a pipeline transaction tariff hearing before the National Energy Board regarding allocation of pipeline capacity on the TransMountain Pipeline. Application for approval of Tariff Amendments regarding Verification Procedures, RWH-001-2013.
  • Represented the BC Civil Liberties Association before the Supreme Court of Canada in opposing a publication ban over allegedly defamatory speech (AB v Bragg Communications Inc., 2012 SCC 46)

News & Publications

News & Publications

Blog Posts

Toby Kruger, Lawson Lundell Photo
t 867.669.5534
f 867.920.2206
t 403.218.7555
f 403.269.9494

Assistant Contact

Bar Admissions

  • British Columbia (2011)
  • Northwest Territories (2014)
  • Nunavut (2014)
  • Alberta (2015)


University of British Columbia (B.Sc. (Honours), Global Resource Systems, 2004)

University of New Brunswick (LL.B., (with distinction) 2009)


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